Ornis Fennica https://ornisfennica.journal.fi/ <p>Ornis Fennica is a peer-reviewed international ornithological journal published by BirdLife Finland.</p> BirdLife Finland en-US Ornis Fennica 0030-5685 Bean goose migration shows a long-term temporal shift to earlier spring, but not to later autumn migration in Finland https://ornisfennica.journal.fi/article/view/119806 <p>Climate change can challenge the inherited or learned behavioural patterns that were useful in the past. In particular, it may change the spatio-temporal dynamics of migratory behaviour in birds. Here, we explored a 40-year-long time series of Bean Goose (Anser fabalis) observations using a citizen science database (tiira.fi – BirdLife Finland) to link the timing of the migration across last forty years and with the large-scale temporal weather fluctuation described by an index of North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO). During 1978–2018, the peak of spring migration of the Bean Goose has advanced approximately a month, whereas the timing of autumn migration has remained more similar across the years. The NAO index was associated only with spring migration. Strong temporal changes of the Bean Goose migration are evident as they adjust their migratory behaviour to changing spring conditions.</p> Pihla Kortesalmi Salli Pääkkönen Janne Valkonen Ossi Nokelainen Copyright (c) 2022 Pihla Kortesalmi, Salli Pääkkönen, Janne Valkonen, Ossi Nokelainen https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-08-04 2023-08-04 100 2 61 68 10.51812/of.119806 Breeding biology of Red-backed Shrikes (Lanius collurio): distribution, performance and post-fledging survival in Denmark https://ornisfennica.journal.fi/article/view/124729 <p>Agricultural intensification and habitat degradation across Europe have caused declines since the 20th century in populations of birds adapted to open landscapes, such as the Red-backed Shrike (Lanius collurio). Effective conservation strategies require knowledge on species’ breeding biology. To understand the status of the Danish breeding population better, we investigate which factors affect their breeding parameter (i.e. distribution, performance, post-fledging survival and behaviour). Our focus on the post-fledging period addresses present knowledge gaps due to the importance of this, yet under-studied, phase of passerines’ breeding cycle. We studied breeding pairs on different habitat types with Denmark-wide Citizen Science data, complemented by data of local projects in Northern Zealand and Northern Jutland (Denmark). Significantly fewer pairs were found in agricultural habitats and more in forests, semi-natural open habitats and synanthropic habitats. Pairs in forests had a significantly higher breeding productivity compared to agricultural or semi-natural open habitats for data from the years 2000 to 2021. Some project sites showed significantly higher number of fledglings compared to others, indicating that these sites are potential core areas for breeding productivity. Over the last two decades, the mean breeding productivity across Denmark was stable with 2.3 fledglings per successful pair. The survival rate of ringed fledglings increased during the post-fledging period, likely due to their increase in more active and independent behaviour. The relatively low breeding productivity found in this study calls for further studies including detailed data from potentially secondary habitats like agricultural areas to understand the effects of habitat on population fluctuations.</p> Daniel A. F. Bloche Kasper Thorup Kent Olsen Per Ekberg Peter Ellegaard Larsen Knud-Erik Strange Anders P. Tøttrup Copyright (c) 2022 Daniel A. F. Bloche, Kasper Thorup, Kent Olsen, Per Ekberg, Peter Ellegaard Larsen, Knud-Erik Strange, Anders P. Tøttrup https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-08-04 2023-08-04 100 2 69 83 10.51812/of.124729 Temporal occurrence and species composition of birds on artificial feeding sites maintained for game mammals in the Dinaric Mountains, Slovenia https://ornisfennica.journal.fi/article/view/121820 <p>Artificial feeding is a widely used management tool, but it often attracts nontarget species, including birds, to permanent feeding sites. This study used camera traps to monitor the presence of birds at selected sites used for bear management in Dinaric forest. A large number of bird species (35) were recorded, representing roughly half of all species breeding in the surrounding area. These species were grouped based on monthly and hourly presence, and corresponded to food groups, with most belonging to granivores or scavengers. Some species, such as Pigeons (<em>Columba</em> sp.), Raven (<em>Corvus corax</em>) and Buzzard (<em>Buteo buteo</em>), adapted their presence to the availability of food at the feeding sites, while others were not affected by this. Both Chaffinches (<em>Fringilla coelebs</em>) and Jays (<em>Garrulus glandarius</em>) frequented the feeding sites, but their temporal presence was influenced by their biology rather than by food availability. The Sparrowhawk (<em>Accipiter nisus</em>) also adapted its presence to food availability, and its presence was closely associated with that of the Jay. This study confirms the temporal differences in the use of feeding sites by birds and mammals, which is likely due to their different biology and past management. This can be used to make wildlife management more efficient and reduce the undesirable effects of artificial feeding.</p> Dejan Bordjan Alaaeldin Soultan Klemen Jerina Copyright (c) 2022 Dejan Bordjan, Alaaeldin Soultan, Klemen Jerina https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-08-04 2023-08-04 100 2 84 98 10.51812/of.121820 Home-range, movements and use of powerline poles of Eagle-Owls (Bubo bubo) at an island population in northern Norway https://ornisfennica.journal.fi/article/view/116340 <p>A dense island population of Eagle-Owls (Bubo bubo) close to the Arctic circle had suffered considerable mortality due to powerlines (electrocution and collision) throughout many decades. A study using GPS transmitter technology was carried out between 2009 and 2014. We studied home-range sizes, dispersal distances, mortality, and proposed mitigation techniques to prevent accidents. We found as expected that juvenile Eagle-Owls had larger home-ranges and moved farther than adults, but both age-groups moved much less than shown elsewhere in Europe. The probable reason for this was thought to be that this population was isolated by the surrounding sea, which might act as a barrier. The GPS data indicated that the poles of the grid were used as perching posts more than expected from a random distribution. This was explained by the lack of high trees and other elevated landscape features on these low islands. As a mitigation effort, we contributed to designing a perching-device for fitting on the poles that would prevent electrocution of the owls. This is now used by several grid-owners in coastal areas with high electrocution risk and is followed up by the National action plan for Eagle-Owl in Norway.</p> Torgeir Nygård Karl-Otto Jacobsen Jan Ove Gjershaug Copyright (c) 2022 Torgeir Nygård, Karl-Otto Jacobsen, Jan Ove Gjershaug https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-08-04 2023-08-04 100 2 99 111 10.51812/of.116340