Ornis Fennica https://ornisfennica.journal.fi/ <p>Ornis Fennica is a peer-reviewed international ornithological journal published by BirdLife Finland.</p> en-US ornis.fennica@birdlife.fi (Patrik Karell) ornis.fennica@birdlife.fi (Patrik Karell) Fri, 14 Jan 2022 13:00:01 +0200 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Habitat selection and foraging site fidelity in Caspian Terns (Hydroprogne caspia) breeding in the Baltic Sea https://ornisfennica.journal.fi/article/view/113445 <p>Habitat preferences and foraging strategies affect population-level space use and are therefore crucial to understanding population change and implementing spatial conservation and management actions. We investigated the breeding season habitat preference and foraging site fidelity of the under-studied and threatened, Baltic Sea population of Caspian Terns (<em>Hydroprogne caspia</em>). Using GPS devices, we tracked 20 adult individuals at two breeding colonies, in Sweden and Finland, from late incubation through chick-rearing. Analyzing foraging movements during this period, we describe trip characteristics for each colony, daily metrics of effort, habitat use, and foraging site fidelity. We found that daily time spent away from the colony increased throughout the season, with colony-level differences in terms of distance travelled per day. In general, terns selected shallow waters between 0–5 meters in depth with certain individuals using inland lakes for foraging. We show, for the first time, that individual Caspian Terns are faithful to foraging sites throughout the breeding season, and that individuals are highly repeatable in their strategies regarding foraging site fidelity. These results fill important knowledge gaps for this at-risk population, and extend our general knowledge of the breeding season foraging ecology of this widespread species.</p> Martin Beal, Patrik Byholm, Ulrik Lötberg, Tom J. Evans, Kozue Shiomi, Susanne Åkesson Copyright (c) 2021 Authors https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ornisfennica.journal.fi/article/view/113445 Fri, 14 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0200 Habitat selection of sympatric Siberian Grouse and Hazel Grouse in natural and exploited forests of the lower Amur region https://ornisfennica.journal.fi/article/view/113446 <p>The Siberian Grouse (Falcipennis falcipennis), which is endemic to the “dark-needle” taiga of the Russian Far East, is one of the least studied grouse species in the world. We examined post-breeding habitat selection of Siberian Grouse and contrasted it with that of the better examined Hazel Grouse (Tetrastes bonasia) in two areas near Komsomolsk na Amure, Russia. To infer species-specific preferences, we used field sampling, logistic regression, and AIC model selection, and compared late summer habitats of Siberian Grouse and Hazel Grouse in a mountain- and hilly area in the dark needle taiga. Our study is the first to explain Siberian Grouse habitat relationships with an empirical modelling approach. Results indicate proportions of coniferous/ pioneer trees forest and rejuvenation to be the most important covariates separating Siberian and Hazel Grouse observation sites in forests from both areas. Siberian Grouse tended to select sites with low proportions of pioneer trees and rejuvenation but availability of dwarf shrubs. Bunchberry (Cornus canadensis) appeared to be of high importance for the presence of Siberian Grouse in both regions. Hazel Grouse were common in places dominated by pioneer trees with high canopy cover, and high proportions of grass/herb cover. Hazel Grouse also occurred more often in forest sites with dense vertical layering and rejuvenation. Modern forestry, which results in increasing amounts of forests at younger successional stages, is likely to favour the Hazel Grouse at the expense of the Siberian Grouse.</p> Tobias Ludwig, Ralf Siano, Alexander V. Andreev Copyright (c) 2021 Authors https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ornisfennica.journal.fi/article/view/113446 Fri, 14 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0200 Association of weather variables with the migration phenology and body conditions of Siberian warblers https://ornisfennica.journal.fi/article/view/113447 <p>Different elements of weather, such as wind speed, wind direction, precipitation and temperature are very important regulators of bird migration. Weather conditions also play role on the body condition such as body mass and the deposited fat. In this study we selected four warbler species to examine the impact of different weather variables on their spring and autumn migration timing and their body condition in one of the most extreme weather areas of the Earth, at Lake Baikal in Siberia. We also studied the changes in body mass and fat reserves during the spring and autumn migration periods of these species. For the analyses, we used ringing data of 2471 birds from five spring and five autumn seasons during 2015–2019. According to our results, it can be stated that the weather did not have a significant association with the migration timing of the studied warblers, perhaps due to the geographical location of the study site. However, the body mass and the fat reserves of the birds increased during unsuitable weather conditions because of the increased energy requirements. Birds generally migrate with low fat reserves, which is due to the fact that this area is not an important stopover site for these species.</p> László Bozó, Yury Anisimov, Tibor Csörgő Copyright (c) 2021 Authors https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ornisfennica.journal.fi/article/view/113447 Fri, 14 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0200